What is Coronavirus (COVID-19)?

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What is Coronavirus (COVID-19)?

Coronavirus is a member of a large family of viruses that can infect animals and humans.

Many viruses have been identified that can infect humans and animals with respiratory infections. From the mildest of these viruses with colds to SARS which is the strongest and Corona which is the newest respiratory virus. Coronavirus is a virus that can infect a person from mild to moderate to severe.

 The coronavirus, which is also the emerging virus of the century, is the cause of Covid-19 disease.


What is Covid-19?

Covid 19 is actually a pandemic disease caused by the Coronavirus that has been spreading around the world for less than a year and has caused the death of many people. It was first seen in December 2019 in Wuhan, China.


What are the symptoms of Coronavirus disease?

Dry cough, fatigue and high fever are the most important symptoms of this disease. Some patients may have other symptoms such as diarrhea, pain and bruising, sore throat, stuffy nose, runny nose.

At the beginning of the disease, these symptoms are mild and their onset is gradual. Some sufferers may not experience any of the symptoms of the disease and may be easily treated.

Most patients with Quaid 19 disease (about 80%) recover without the need for special treatment.

Approximately one in six people with Covid-19 becomes severely ill and suffers from shortness of breath.

During the epidemic of this disease, more attention should be paid to the elderly. The elderly and people with underlying conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease or diabetes are more likely to have the disease worse.

People who have symptoms of fever, cough and shortness of breath should see a doctor.

Your normal body temperature is between 36 and 36.8 degrees Celsius. High temperature or fever, for most people, is when the body temperature is 38 degrees Celsius or higher. This can be a sign of your illness. Fever usually means that you have an infection such as a cold. But it can also be caused by more serious infections such as coronavirus.


What are the new symptoms of coronavirus disease?

The World Health Organization categorizes the list of symptoms in terms of severity, including other possible symptoms such as swelling, pimples or paleness of the fingers and toes, and loss of ability to move or speak.


How is Covid-19 transmitted?

The corona virus can be transmitted to others through saliva particles in the mouth or nose that are spread by coughing or exhaling from the mouth and nose of a person with Covid-19.

These particles also remain on surfaces and objects, and touching these contaminated objects or surfaces and touching the eyes, mouth and nose can cause the disease.

A distance of at least 1 meter must be observed to protect the person with Covid-19..

The World Health Organization (WHO) is constantly evaluating ongoing research into the transmission of Covid-19 disease and will continue to announce the latest findings.


Is the virus that causes Covid-19 transmitted through the air?

To date, studies have not established a specific indication that the coronavirus can be transmitted through the air, and have shown that the main method of transmission of the Covid-19 virus is through contact with respiratory saliva particles.



Is Covid-19 transmitted from an asymptomatic person to others?

According to published reports, it is possible to get Covid-19 by contacting someone who has no symptoms. However, the necessary instructions must be followed because you may get the disease from someone who, for example, has only a mild cough and does not feel sick.

It seems that the probability of transmission of Covid-19 through the feces of infected people is low.

However, the risk of stool transmission is a double reason to wash your hands regularly after using the toilet and before eating.


What can we do to help prevent the spread of the disease?

Due to the lack of vaccines or special treatments, following health protocols is the best way to prevent the spread of the corona virus.

With the onset of the third wave and the widespread epidemic of Covid 19 disease and the acceleration of the transmission of the Corona virus, the World Health Organization is increasingly concerned.

The situation is still unpredictable; Therefore, hygiene is one of the requirements to prevent this disease.


There are simple precautions you can take to reduce the risk of getting Covid-19 and prevent it from spreading:

Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly with soap and water or clean them with alcohol-based disinfectants.

Stay at least 1 meter (3 feet) away from the person coughing or sneezing.

• If you are near a person with Covid-19 and that person coughs, you may become infected by inhaling these virus-carrying particles.

• Do not touch your eyes, mouth or nose.

• Make sure you and those around you are in good health.

• Stay home if you feel sick.

• If you have a fever, cough and have difficulty breathing, see your doctor and be sure to call before you do.

• Follow the advice of health officials in your area.

• Follow the latest status of Covid-19-infected areas (cities or areas where Covid-19 is widespread).

• Avoid traveling to these areas if possible; Especially if you are elderly or have diabetes, heart or kidney problems.

• If you have urgent work outside the home, you need to go shopping to get food, or someone else is going to bring the items you need, be sure to wear a mask to avoid making others sick.

Avoid unnecessary visits to medical centers, as this will protect you and other people from Covid-19 and other viral diseases.

• Be sure to throw away the mask once you have used it.

• In case of fever, cough and shortness of breath, be sure to seek medical attention.


With hygiene, the Covid-19 outbreak can be controlled and its spread stopped, as has happened in China and several other countries.


Symptoms of the disease in children and adolescents

Covid-19 disease is usually mild, especially in children and adolescents. But over time, the incidence and mortality of children and young people is rising.

However, the disease can cause more serious problems: one in five people will need hospital care.

But we can take good care of ourselves and our loved ones to alleviate our worries.


Are Antibiotics Effective in Preventing or Treating Covid-19?

No. Antibiotics have no effect on preventing viral diseases and are only effective in treating bacterial infections.

Covid-19 disease also has a viral cause, so antibiotics have no effect on it.

Antibiotics should not be used to prevent or treat Covid-19 disease.


Is there a specific drug or treatment for the prevention and treatment of Covid-19?

Although some home remedies, traditional and new, may reduce or alleviate the symptoms of Covid-19; But we should know that to date, no drugs and vaccines have been developed to prevent and treat this disease.

Although there is talk of producing the corona vaccine in many countries, including Russia, there are still many ambiguities.


Many clinical trials are underway around the world to prevent and stop this pandemic.

According to tests and reports released by the World Health Organization, the recovery period for CoviD 19 caused by the Corona virus lasts between 14 and 21 days.

Sometimes humans are infected with the virus through animals and can be transmitted to other people.

It is not yet clear exactly from which animal Covid-19 was transmitted to humans.